Climate & Key Facts

Central America’s ‘summer’ is known as the dry season which broadly runs from December through to April, and the rainy season runs from June through October. May and November are ‘shoulder’ periods as one season evolves into the other from dry to rainy or rainy to dry.

The weather is warm all year round with average temperatures of 24 degrees C from November to January, and gradually warming up to 27 degree C average May to September when it is at its hottest. Coldest night time temp is around 10 degrees C and hottest it will likely get at the height of the day is around 32 degrees C. Much depends on whether you’re in the lowland rainforest areas or higher up in cloudforest regions.

The rainy season sees tropical rain where you get downpours for an hour or so most days, then it clears up, leaving the air feeling refreshed. Often the rain can come at the same time each day which could be at night time or evening – so the rainy season in Central America is still a good time to visit and the region sees plenty of visitors during the UK and European summer holiday period of July and August. However it should be noted that the northern part of the region can very occasionally see hurricanes from July to October.

For up-to-date advice on any vaccination requirements and any health risks associated with visiting Central America, contact your local GP.

Additional useful Information is also provided at http://www.fitfortravel.scot.nhs.uk/destinations/central-america an NHS web site specialising in providing health information to travellers from the UK.

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to Belize see www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/belize

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to Costa Rica see www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/costa-rica

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to El Salvador see www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/el-salvador

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to Guatemala see www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/guatemala

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to Honduras see www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/honduras

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to Nicaragua see www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/nicaragua

For up-to-date UK government advice concerning travel to Panama see www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/panama

Exchange Rates are subject to change at any time but the following table gives indicative rates for countries in Central and South America:

Belize: GMT -6 hours

Costa Rica: GMT -6 hours

El Salvador: GMT -6 hours

Guatemala: GMT -6 hours

Honduras: GMT -6 hours

Nicaragua: GMT -6 hours

Panama: GMT -5 hours

Belize: +501

Costa Rica: +506

El Salvador: +503

Guatemala: +502

Honduras: +504

Nicaragua: +505

Panama: +507

Throughout the whole of the Central American region:-

  • 110V AC 60Hz
  • Same plug type as USA